Terms & Conditions

  • Once your proposal submission is received, you will be sent an email to confirm receipt. If you do not receive a confirmation email within 7 days, please contact us to ensure your proposal has been successfully submitted. HKOP and IMPACT 11 team will not be liable for any non-arrival of proposal submission information.
  • If your proposal is selected, at least one representative from your group or organisation should be present at IMPACT 11 for the set up and presentation. If special arrangements or equipment is required, requests must be made clearly in the proposal submission for our consideration.
  • Registration fees should be settled via online payment. Cash and cheques will not be accepted. Registration will only be considered complete once the registration form and payment have been received. Payments not received in full prior to the event may result in entry being denied. No cancellation is accepted. Registration fees for IMPACT 11 are not refundable. If a participant is unable to attend and would like to transfer the registration to another person, approval will be determined by the HKOP & IMPACT 11 team on a case-by-case basis.
  • No responsibility is assumed by HKOP, the organiser or the speakers/authors for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of product, negligence or otherwise, or from any expectation regarding the event, use or operation of any methods, products, artworks, instructions or ideas presented at the event or contained in the notes.
  • By entering the event premises, you consent to being photographed or filmed by the HKOP and IMPACT 11 teams, and to the organiser’s use and publication of audio recording, video recording in any and all media for promotional and educational purposes. No recording or photography on the premises of the conference is allowed during the conference without prior written consent of the organiser.
  • In case of a person (delegate, exhibitor, visitor) infringing the overall interest/aim of the conference or infringing the interest of other delegates, companies or parties involved in the conference, the organiser is entitled to exclude the infringing person/company from the event after an oral or written warning by the HKOP directors show no adequate result. All respective costs in context of the infringement or exclusion are on the infringing person’s/company’s own responsibility. No liability in any way or any reason is taken by the organiser in this case.
  • Applicants are responsible for their own travel arrangements, including but not limited to flight and local transportation, accommodation, adequate insurance cover, as well as related visa procedures. Visa requirements for entry to Hong Kong vary according to the visitor’s country of origin.
  • While every effort will be made to adhere to the published programme, it may be necessary for reasons beyond the control of the organisers to alter the content, speakers, and/or timing of the programme without prior notice. Please check the website for the latest version of the programme.
  • Personal information collected will be held on a database and used for communication purposes. In some cases, related to the funding support to the conference, your details may be made available to the funding bodies or its related department for record.
  • In addition to the provisions mentioned above, these terms and conditions are subject to the laws of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
Acceptance of all of the above terms and conditions is required in order to register for and participate in IMPACT 11.

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Proposal Abstract

In mid-19th century Europe and also the Netherlands, the demand for printing Chinese was growing. At Leiden University, Professor Hoffmann started the education of Chinese translation for the Dutch Indies. The Dutch government financed the development of the Chinese printing types. After several experiments, 5,000 lead types previously used to print the Bible were finally chosen to be bought from Hong Kong. These types provided a model to galvanically produce matrices by Nicolaas Tetterode, founder of Typefoundry Amsterdam. Another 4,000 types were designed, carved and produced in close cooperation between Professor Hoffmann and Tetterode in the period of 1860 to 1873. Three specimen books were printed.

The types were cast up until 1909 and used for printing up until 1964 particularly by Brill Publishing. They were also used by the government printing office in Dutch Indies. They were also sold to Holtzhausen printing in Vienna.

When Brill Publishing established an office in Singapore in 2016 and later in Beijing, the question of what happened with the collection of chinese matrices was raised. The chairman of the Museum Typefoundry Westzaan started a search which appeared to be an adventurous travel in the history based on fragmented archives and sometimes erroneous memories. Finally after three years, the state-owned collection of the matrices was discovered. During the search, many archives were used and particularities about the production process became clear.

Unfortunately, the two sets of lead types last seen in 1981 seem to have disappeared. But after some experiments, the Typefoundry Westzaan succeeded in casting the 19th-century Chinese types with historical matrices using their Monotype Supercaster and an adapted matrix holder.


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Illustrated Talk

Search after the Life Cycle of the 19th century Hoffman-Tetterode Chinese printing type collection

Ronald Steur
Printmaker, Academic, Curator, Type Caster
Typefoundry Westzaan/Stichting Lettergieten 1983